The UK’s supply problems could push the pound lower despite that the market has priced in more interest rate hikes by the Bank of England for next year. The government has offered temporary visas to fuel tanker and food lorry drivers, and to poultry workers. Britain's ongoing supply chain crisis could threaten the UK’s economic recovery, and combined with higher inflation, it could post serious risks to the pound.

Visas to lorry drivers

With Christmas just around the corner, the government is seeking to avoid disruption and will provide up to 10,500 lorry drivers and poultry workers with temporary UK visas. 5,500 poultry workers and another 5,000 fuel tanker and food lorry drivers will be allowed to work in the UK for three months, until Christmas Eve. The Road Haulage Association said the government’s announcement "barely scratches the surface", and that just offering temporary visa for a limited period "will not be enough for companies or the drivers themselves to be attractive." Director of the HGV Recruitment Centre, Marc Fels, said visas for lorry drivers were "too little" and "too late." The move is, however, a huge step forward in providing a temporary solution to supply chain disruption. The government has also requested from the Ministry of Defence examiners to increase HGV (heavy goods vehicle) testing capacity and sent one million letters to drivers who have an HGV licence to return to the industry. 

Various industries such as supermarkets and food chains have reported shortages of lorry drivers, while fuel deliveries have also been affected, with queues at petrol stations as consumers are panic buying despite calls from the government that the UK has plenty of fuel.

Petrol Crisis

Transport Secretary Grant Shapps has stated there was enough fuel and that people should only fill up when needed to avoid creating shortages. He said there were no supply problems at the six refineries and 47 storage facilities, and that drivers and motorists needed to “be sensible.” With the petrol crisis deepening, ministers have been forced to suspend competition law to help oil companies support petrol stations that are running dry, after days of panic buying. Following a meeting with oil companies on Sunday, business secretary Kwasi Kwarteng agreed to allow companies in the oil industry to work together, sharing information to keep petrol stations topped up.

The panic buying and shortage of drivers has also led the government to consider an emergency plan. The prime minister and senior members of the cabinet will examine “Operation Escalin” after BP reported that a third of its petrol stations had run out of the two grades of fuel, and the Petrol Retailers Association (PRA), said that 50% to 90% of its members were also running out, with more to follow.

Operation Escalin was first conceptualised as part of the planning for a no-deal Brexit, and involves  hundreds of soldiers being drafted in to drive a reserve fleet of 80 tankers. The Prime Minister will consider the Escalin and other proposals on Monday afternoon, in a meeting where ministers will also discuss ways to stop people from panic buying. Shortages could continue if people’s behaviour did not change.

The UK could also face a national shortage of turkeys in the run-up to December, with labour shortages due to Brexit.


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