Budget 2021: Pound to Remain Sensitive

Rishi Sunak’s budget has unnerved the pound as investors have been waiting to hear the details. A bullish scenario for the UK currency will be the announcement of more financial support to help recovery, while any attempt to balance the book that will affect growth will hurt the pound.

Main Points: What did Rishi Sunak say?

The chancellor said that he would do “whatever it takes” to help the economy recover from the pandemic as the damage has been great. It is estimated that more than 700,000 people lost their jobs, the economy shrank by 10% and borrowing has been at its highest. Sunak noted: “It’s going to take this country, and the whole world, a long time to recover from this extraordinary situation.”

He has underlined his own and the government’s desire to be clear and transparent about fixing the public finances, and about what plans they have in the future.

Growth

Expectations are for a quick recovery by the middle of next year. However, the economy will still be 3% smaller even in 5 years from now. GDP will grow by 4% this year, and by 7.3% next year. The coronavirus has profoundly affected the economy and Sunak’s comments suggest that tax rises should be expected in the near future.

Furlough

The chancellor said that unemployment will reach 6.5%, which will be much less than originally forecast, with 1.8 million fewer people expected to lose their jobs. The furlough scheme will continue until the end of September. Employees will receive 80% of their wages until the end of the scheme but businesses will have to contribute 10% in July and 20% in August and September. The self-employment income support scheme will also be extended and the £20-a-week uplift in universal credit will be extended for six months.

Grants for Businesses

Sunak announced a £5bn restart grant for businesses and noted that the total direct cash support to businesses has reached £25bn. The Treasury is also starting a new loan scheme with loans ranging between £25,000 and £10m.

Spending

£352bn will be the Covid support package this year and the next and Sunak underlined the amount that was spent to help the economy recover.

Borrowing

Sunak said the budget deficit will be £355bn this year and will continue at high levels with the underlying debt rising indefinitely. He said that due to his actions, borrowing will fall to 4.5% of GDP in 2022-23, then to 3.5% in 2023-24, and 2.9 and 2.8% in the following two years. He added: “It’s going to be the work of many governments over many decades to pay it back, just as it would be irresponsible to withdraw support too soon, it would also be irresponsible to allow our future borrowing and debt to rise unchecked.”

Corporation tax

In April 2023, the rate of corporation tax will go up to 25%. But Sunak explained that this will affect businesses that are making profits of more than £250,000 and will be taxed at the full 25% rate. Companies with profits of less than £50,000 will remain at 19%.

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