Life after Brexit might seem uncertain, but for many Brits the decision to buy property in Spain is a certain fact. While there might be certain changes in terms of British citizens’ rights with perhaps more documentation and bureaucratic controls, the promise of a sunnier climate and a richer lifestyle is definitely a key factor when moving to Spain.
UK nationals living in the European Union
As the government notes, continuing to live and work in the EU after Brexit would be influenced by each country’s rules and regulations. If you are a resident in Spain, you should register as one, as well as register for healthcare. You should also check if your passport is still valid for travelling and exchange your UK driving licence for a Spanish one.
Buying property in Spain
Buying property can be a very hard decision and a very complicated process. But if you have done your research and sought out the right people to offer support and guidance, you will easily navigate all the complexities and be prepared for any unexpected changes. For one, getting legal advice from an independent lawyer who had good knowledge of Spanish land law (urbanismo), will help you when dealing with developers or estate agents. In this respect, you will be protected from fraud and you will safeguard your interests and finances. While you might be very excited buying or building your own home abroad, being careful with the individual agents and lawyers, and always looking after your own interests is very wise in order to avoid disappointment.
The same goes with the Spanish notary public who will offer legal advice, prepare the contract and issue the public deeds. You might prefer to work with a British estate agent but ensure that they are reliable and registered with the Law Society in the UK. If you are looking for a lawyer or translator the government’s website has qualified professionals on their website.
If you need more assistance with the language and communication, especially when signing a contract, you will need to get an independent translator by checking the Spanish Ministry for Foreign Affairs website.
Things to do before transferring money to purchase the property
Before you buy the property, make sure you check the land registry extract (nota simple), so you know that the sellers are the same with the registered owner(s) of the property and land. It will be wise to check that there are no debts or charges, including a mortgage or any legal proceedings against the particular property. Documents such as the planning permissions and the property itself should have all licences and permissions.
In any case, having the property surveyed by a chartered surveyor would be the best route when you want to have everything in order without worrying. When you purchase the property you will pay tax, so you should know the cadastral value of the property and how much purchase tax will be due.
Check important documents:
First, make sure that the previous owner paid the owner’s annual property tax (IBI), by seeing the receipt. The town hall should provide a certificate proving that there are no unpaid rates from previous years.
You will need to get the cadastral certificate (with boundaries and size of your plot) that must correspond to the Land Registry records. You will need a habitation certificate to connect the electricity and water companies, as well as a receipt to prove all utility bills have been paid. You might also need a certificate signed by the President of the Community of Property Owners stating that there are no outstanding debts.
From 1 June 2013, all homes for sale or to let in Spain need an energy efficiency certificate, so ensure that the seller has this certificate. Once you get all documents, you should register the property in your name with the Land Registry.
When you have all the papers in order, you would start thinking about transferring your funds from a UK bank account to a Spanish account to pay for the property. Transferring large amounts of money can be stressful, so getting in touch with a reliable foreign exchange specialist such as Universal Partners FX will protect your funds and save you time and money. UPFX have many years of experience in the currency market and can provide the best tailored solution for your money. Get in touch with them today and find out how they can help you make the most of your money.