Sterling has fallen against the euro and the US dollar, despite the lack of any clear data that could be responsible for the declines. This is also what makes it difficult to pinpoint what news or events could potentially affect the pound’s performance.  

Analysts have argued that since the UK is no longer at the centre of financial news and data, and as interest has shifted to other currencies such as the euro, the British currency has lost momentum. It has also been noted that markets have priced in all the good news for the pound, so no bigger rises are expected at the moment. The successful vaccination programme and the reopening of the economy has provided support to the pound and the market Many analysts have also said that the weakness in the US dollar has also been partly responsible for some of the recent gains, which also highlights the fact that they are not any clear drivers that will push the pound higher. UK economic data has generally surpassed expectations, but this has not necessarily translated to any obvious additional upward pressure.

Higher Interest rates and Pound

Market expectations for higher interest rates, could also provide support to the pound. But for the market to become confident and positive, the Bank of England will need to show signs that is committed to raising interest rates. However, policymakers have not shown any firm conviction of raising interest rates any time soon. While inflation might be rising, BoE Governor Andrew Bailey believes that inflationary pressures are only temporary. But unless the Bank’s Monetary Policy Committee agrees in its majority that it’s time to raise interest rates, the pound is unlikely to rise unexpectedly. At the moment, the pound will be influenced by global market movements.

Cummings’ Testimony, the Pandemic and Indian variant

Sterling has been the second best performing G10 currency against the US dollar this year, because of investors being positive about the UK economy reopening, following its successful vaccination program. Britain started the third phase of reopening the economy last week, allowing indoor dining in pubs and restaurants. Retail sales data were upbeat as well as surveys of purchasing managers across different industries.

This week’s pound weakness has been partly explained by the lack of data, but also by pandemic concerns and Dominic Cummings’ testimony. Cummings’ testimony on Wednesday has been described as the “Sword of Damocles" and his explosive statements have undermined the government and could potentially keep the pound lower. He has likened the management of government officials during the crisis to "lions" being "led by donkeys". The pound may also be subject to news about the pandemic and the worrying rise of cases. The spread of the Indian variant has also added to pound pressure and these factors have partly kept the pound low, despite dollar weakness.

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