The British pound fell against the euro and US dollar, after the remarkable recovery it enjoyed during the first three months of the year. With the euphoria about the UK’s successful vaccination programme starting to wear off and a wider demand for the euro, the Sterling outlook is not looking as promising.
The pound performed very well against the euro in the opening quarter of 2021, but since February’s highs, it has dropped, suggesting that the Eurozone is performing comparatively better as the European coronavirus vaccination rates have increased. For many economists, further gains for the pound might prove to be difficult as most of the good news has already been priced in.
Bright Outlook for the Pound might be threatened
The UK economy managed to recover after a difficult 2020, as economists grew optimistic after the successful and rapid vaccine rollouts and the easing of the lockdown restrictions. The economy is expected to expand 5% this year, something that has boosted the pound the first quarter. The reopening of the economy has been now priced in, while the sell-off in UK government bonds, pushed yields higher and supported the pound. However, economists are questioning about how much higher the pound could possibly go. Foreign exchange analysts are warning that the UK is in a more difficult position than other economies due to the fact it was severely affected by the Covid-19 crisis earlier on, despite economic momentum accelerating. Additionally, there are worries about the potential impact of Brexit, with exports and imports with the EU having fallen dramatically in January.
The pound will find support if the UK manages to continue attracting investments such as cross-border mergers and acquisitions which are a significant part of the conditions required for continued growth.
Pound sensitive to BoE Andy Haldane’s departure
News that the Bank of England Chief Economist Andy Haldane would be leaving the Bank's Monetary Policy Committee has also affected the pound. One of the reasons was that Haldane was a hawk on the MPC, supporting higher interest rates and being optimistic about the UK economy. A hawkish central bank is linked to a solid and strong currency, and as such his departure was interpreted as a crucial factor in the pound’s weakness. His views on the economy were seen as vital for boosting the pound in February.
With Haldane leaving, the MPC may now react to any forthcoming inflation risks a little later, but markets will need to wait and see who the new chief economist will be and reassess the new policy changes. For other economists, Haldane’s departure might not have a long-lasting effect on Sterling as there weren’t any plans of tightening the BoE policy in the coming months anyway.
The recent declines of the pound might also be short-lived as some economists expect the pound to continue its outperformance, particularly against the Euro.
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