May is expected to bring some volatility for the pound which can be a good thing for traders of the currency. The first week of May will be an important one for the pound as on the 6th of May, the Bank of England (BoE) will deliver its monetary policy decision and its quarterly Monetary Policy Report. Investors and analysts are also expecting the Scottish election to be a pound-sensitive event as it could result in a majority for pro-independence parties. In the near term, both events could affect the pound and set the tone for currency trading throughout the last month of Spring.

A hawkish tone from the bank could weigh on the pound

Economists will be closely watching the BoE’s upcoming meeting to understand whether the bank will change its quantitative easing programme by reducing its rate of asset purchases.  This is seen as a necessary measure to provide liquidity to the economy, and it will open the path for raising interest rates in the future. For this reason, if the bank decides to make such a move, markets will be pleasantly surprised, as three months ago the bank was seriously considering pushing interest rates into negative territory.

While such a move is welcomed and appropriate since the economy is recovering, it is still too early, and some economists believe that the bank will not be raising interest rates anytime soon. The BoE is more likely to remain cautious, and this might put some pressure for the pound. While the market expects interest rates to remain unchanged, they are not quite sure about the bank’s intention to reduce quantitative easing. For some analysts, there are concerns about the pandemic and unemployment which could rise following the withdrawal of the government’s support.

Scottish elections

Scotland will be voting for the next Holyrood parliament on 6th of May and political commentators say a strong result for pro-independence parties will inevitably lead to another independence referendum. However, financial analysts do not expect the Scottish elections to have a major impact on GBP. Regardless of the result, most experts do not believe this will immediately lead to an imminent vote for independence, as a second independence referendum is probably years away.

As things stand, it is also unlikely that Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s government will grant consent to hold a second referendum.  While who holds the power to allow a vote could ultimately be tested in the courts, at the same time the probability for an imminent referendum is small. A refusal from Boris Johnson could also further strengthen pro-independence sentiment in Scotland. The possibility of a second independence referendum is not going to go away and will play a key role in the next UK-wide general election in 2024.

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